Biyernes, Setyembre 23, 2016

Grade 5 Science Reviewer: harmful and useful materials, electric conductors, electric insulators, heat conductors, heat insulators, transparent materials

Testable & Non-testable questions 
Testable question - It is a question that can be answerd by an experiment. A testable question has 2 parts: an independent variable and dependent variable.

Independent variable - It is the variable that will be changed by you - the scientist. A good experiment has only one independent variable.

Dependent variable - It is the variable that is being measured in your experiment. The response to the change you make using the independent variable.

Non-testable question - Does not need an experiment.

Controlled variable - The only way to get reliable results from this experiment is to make sure that all the other variables stay the same, or controlled.

Harmful & Useful materials
Objects around us are made of different materials. The properties that these materials have help us understand why they are used for a specific purpose.
If objects are made ofthe right materials they will be useful. Transpareny, magnetic property, heat conductivity, flexibility, and electrical conductivity are some useful properties of materials.

Electric Conductors - Materials that have the ability to conduct electric current. Metals such as copper and silver are good conductors of electricity. 

Electric Insulators - People use insulators to prevent them from being electrcuted when working with electrical wirings. Rubber, foam, and plastic are insulators.

Heat Conductors - For pots and kettles to be useful, they should be able to allow heat to pass through them quickly. They should be made of good conductors of heat so that the food cooks quickly. Steel, iron, aluminum, and other metals are good conductors of heat.

Heat Insulators - Materials that do not conduct heat but are useful are called insulators. They are used in handles of cooking utensils to protect us from getting burned.

Transparent materials - Allow light to pass through them. These are used to make objects that we can see through, such as windows. Materials that do not allow light to pass through them are said to be opaque.



Huwebes, Setyembre 22, 2016

Mag-aral ng computer programming habang naglalaro

credit EscapeTheCity

Sa panahon ngayon, pwede nang mag-aral habang naglilibang. Ang pag-aaral ng computer programming ay isang popular na tinuturo sa paraang ito. Narito ang ilang mga website at gamit para dito. LIBRE lahat ito:

1. Puzzlets - hands on play gamit ang puzzles na gumagana sa iPad, para sa mga bata 6+
2. Codeacademy - matutong gumawa ng websites, mag-Javascript, Rails, AngularJS, Ruby on Rails, Git, SQL, Java, jQuery, PHP, Python, Ruby at APIs.
3. W3Schools - matuto ng HTML, CSS, bootstrap, Javascript, SQL, PHP, ASP, XML, AJAX at iba pa
4. Enki - 5 minuto kada-araw, gamit ang Android o iOS mong mobile phone, matuto maging isang programmer


Miyerkules, Setyembre 21, 2016

Fiction Books & Nonfiction Books: Reviewer Grade 5 English Exam

Books in the library are classified into two groups: fiction and nonfiction. Fiction books are made up of imagined stories about people and events. They are placed on shelves in alphabetical order based on the author’s last name. Nonfiction books provide facts about many topics and are grouped by subject.Each book has a call number on its spine The call number is the code for the book’s subject.
Examples of nonfiction books:

Almanac - a book that contains a calendar of days, weeks, and months to wich various other statistics are added.

Atlas - a book of maps that lists distances from place to place around the world. 

Encyclopedia - a set of books wich provides facts on almost every topic. The topics are arranged in alphabetical order.

Dictionary - provides information about a given word: its spelling, syllabication, accentuation, origin, meaning, and pronunciation.

Yearbook - another reference book published annualy. It contains the highlights of the various events of the previous year.

Fragement and Sentence

A sentence is a group of words that express a complete thought. It has a subject & predicate. It can stand alone.
Ex: The dewdrop gave a sigh of relief.

A fragment is a group of words that does not express a complete thought. It cannot stand by itself.
Ex: One morning an especially large dewdrop.

Prefixes & Suffixes

  Prefix - A word part added to the beginning part of a base word
Ex: uni (one), im (not), bi (two; twice), un (no
  Suffix - A word part added to the end of a base word.
Ex: ful (full of), or/er (one whose job is), less (without)


Functions of nouns
The Direct object - A noun that receives the action expressed by the verb is called the direct object. It answers the question Whom or What after the verb.
Ex: The gardener cuts the bamboo.

The Predicate Noun - A predicate noun completes the meaning of a linking verb and denotes the same person, place, or thing as the subjects. Examples of linking verbs are: is, are, was, and were. 
Ex: The gardener is a industrious man.

The Subject - The person, place, or thing talked about is the subject.
Ex: The gardener cuts down the bamboo.

The Direct address - A noun in direct address names the person addressed or spoken to. It is not related to any other words in the sentence. 
Ex: Gardener, spare my leaves and branches.

Abstract nouns & Collective nouns
An abstract noun is the name of a quality, a state of being, an idea, or a trait. It names those wich have no physical existence; you cannot see, hear, touch, smell, or taste them.
Ex: courtesy, hunger, honesty, gladness

A collective noun refers to a group of people, animals, or objects.
Ex: bunch, class, choir, colony



Martes, Setyembre 20, 2016

Philippine Open Distance Learning Act

Naisabatas noong 2014, ang Philippine Open Distance Learning Act ay naglalayong magbigay ng ibang pamamaraan ng pag-aaral sa mga Filipino. Katulong ang Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), nagbibigay ng MOOC o massive open online courses ng libre.

Ayon sa TESDA, abot 60% ng mga nag-aaral ng MOOC nila ay nagtatrabaho upang mapaayos pa ang kanilang mga trabaho. May completion rate naman na 41% ang mga courses na iniaalok ng TESDA, higit na mas mataas ito sa 10% at 15% na nakukuha ng US at Europa.


Mula sa Forbes

Linggo, Setyembre 18, 2016

English Grade 5 Reviewer: Fiction and non-fiction books, fragment and sentence, prefix and suffix, functions of nouns, abstract nouns and collective nouns

Fiction Books & Nonfiction Books

Books in the library are classified into two groups: fiction and nofiction. Fiction books are made up of imagined stories about people and events. They are placed on shelves in alphabetical order based on the author’s last name. Nonfiction books provide facts about many topics and are grouped by subject.Each book has a call number on its spine The call number is the code for the book’s subject.
Examples of nonfiction books:

Almanac - a book that contains a calendar of days, weeks, and months to wich various other statistics are added.

Atlas - a book of maps that lists distances from place to place around the world. 

Encyclopedia - a set of books wich provides facts on almost every topic. The topics are arranged in alphabetical order.

Dictionary - provides information about a given word: its spelling, syllabication, accentuation, origin, meaning, and pronunciation.

Yearbook - another reference book published annualy. It contains the highlights of the various events of the previous year.

Fragement and Sentence

A sentence is a group of words that express a complete thought. It has a subject & predicate. It can stand alone.
Ex: The dewdrop gave a sigh of relief.

A fragment is a group of words that does not express a complete thought. It cannot stand by itself.
Ex: One morning an especially large dewdrop.

Prefixes & Suffixes

  Prefix - A word part added to the beginning part of a base word
Ex: uni (one), im (not), bi (two; twice), un (no
  Suffix - A word part added to the end of a base word.
Ex: ful (full of), or/er (one whose job is), less (without)


Functions of nouns
The Direct object - A noun that receives the action expressed by the verb is called the direct object. It answers the question Whom or What after the verb.
Ex: The gardener cuts the bamboo.

The Predicate Noun - A predicate noun completes the meaning of a linking verb and denotes the same person, place, or thing as the subjects. Examples of linking verbs are: is, are, was, and were. 
Ex: The gardener is a industrious man.

The Subject - The person, place, or thing talked about is the subject.
Ex: The gardener cuts down the bamboo.

The Direct address - A noun in direct address names the person addressed or spoken to. It is not related to any other words in the sentence. 
Ex: Gardener, spare my leaves and branches.

Abstract nouns & Collective nouns
An abstract noun is the name of a quality, a state of being, an idea, or a trait. It names those wich have no physical existence; you cannot see, hear, touch, smell, or taste them.
Ex: courtesy, hunger, honesty, gladness

A collective noun refers to a group of people, animals, or objects.
Ex: bunch, class, choir, colony



Sabado, Setyembre 17, 2016

Grade 5 Reviewer - Filipino - Pangngalan, Panaguri, Pandiwa, Pang-ukol, Kayarian ng Salita

Gamit ng pangngalan

  • Simuno o Paksa - Ito ang pinag-uusapan sa pangungusap. Ito ay may panandang ang o si.
   
   Halimbawa: Si Mika ay kaibigan ko.

  • Panaguri - Ito ang magsasabi tunkol sa simuno.
  
    Halibawa: Taga-Samar ang lolo ko.

  • Layon ng Pandiwa - Ito ang tumatanggap sa kilos na ipinahahayag ng pandiwa. Ito ay pinangungunahan ng  panandang ng.
    
    Halimbawa: Bumili si Abby ng papel sa tindahan. 

  • Layon ng Pang-ukol - Ito ay pinangungunahan ng mga pang-ukol na sa/sa mga, para kay/para kina, para sa/para sa mga.

      Halibawa: Para kay Mika yung libro.

  • Ganapa - Ito ang pinangyarihan o pinagganapan ng kilos ng pandiwa.

    Halimbawa: Nagkagulo ang mga tao sa plasa.



Kayarian ng salita

  • Payak - Binubuo it ng salitang-ugat lamang.
   
   Halimbawa: lakad



  • Maylapi - Binubuo it ng salitang-ugat at may panlapi.

    Halimbawa: lumalakad

  • Inuulit - Inuulit ang salita. Maaring salitang-ugat lamang o salitang may panlapi.

   Halimbawa: araw-araw

  • Tambalan - Dalawang salitang may magkaibang kahulugan at nang pinagsama ay isa na lamang ang kahulugan.

    Halimbawa: isip-bata


Pang-uri at mga uri nito

Pang-uri - Ito ay tawag sa mga salitang naglalarawan ng pangngalan at panghalip.

   Halimbawa: Maganda ang pinsan ni Lisa.